Detachment of the Retina
When we see, light goes through the optical system of the eye and hits the retina, like in a non digital camera.
When the light hits the retina, this produces an image that is translated into neural impulses and sent to the brain through the optic nerve.
In other words, an image focuses on the retina, nerve cells process the information, and they send it by electrical impulses through the optic nerve to the brain.
If the retina is damaged, this can affect a person's ability to see.
Retinal detachment happens when this layer is pulled from its normal position. Sometimes, there are small tears in the retina. These can cause the retina to become detached.
A detached retina or retinal detachment usually only occurs in one eye. People with severe myopia those with diabetes, patients who have had complicated cataract surgery, and anybody who has received a blow to the eye are all more susceptible to this condition.
Types of Detached Retina:
Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is a break, tear or hole in the retina. This hole allows liquid to pass from the vitreous space into the sub-retinal space between the sensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium. The pigment epithelium is the pigmented cell layer just outside the neurosensory retina.
Secondary retinal detachment is also known as exudative retinal detachment or serous retinal detachment. It happens when inflammation, vascular abnormalities or injury cause fluid to build up under the retina. There is no hole, break or tear.
Tractional retinal detachment is when an injury, inflammation, or neovascularization causes the fibrovascular tissue to pull the sensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium.
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The Ophthalmologist: Clinical and Therapeutic Journal