Facts behind Color Blindness
Color blindness is not a form of blindness but a deficiency in the way you see color.
If you are colorblind, you have difficulty distinguishing certain colors, such as blue and yellow or red and green.
Color blindness (more accurately color vision deficiency) is an inherited condition that affects males more frequently than females.
Red-green color deficiency is the most common form of color blindness.
Much more rarely, a person may inherit a trait that reduces the ability to see blue and yellow hues. This blue-yellow color deficiency usually affects men and women equally.
Signs and Symptoms
Contrary to popular belief, it is rare for a color blind person to see only in shades of gray.
Most people who are considered "color blind" can see colors, but certain colors appear washed out and are easily confused with other colors, depending on the type of color vision deficiency they have.
What causes color blindness?
Color blindness occurs when light-sensitive cells in the retina fail to respond appropriately to variations in wavelengths of light that enable people to see an array of colors.
Besides differences in genetic makeup, other causes of color vision defects or loss include:
Parkinson's disease (PD) which is a neurological disorder, light-sensitive nerve cells in the retina where vision processing occurs may be damaged and cannot function properly.
Cataracts is the clouding of the eye's natural lens that can "wash out" color vision, making it much less bright.
Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy (LHON) a type of inherited optic neuropathy can affect even carriers who don't have other symptoms but do have a degree of color blindness. Red-green color vision defects primarily are noted with this condition.
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The Ophthalmologist: Clinical and Therapeutic Journal