Practice of Waste Payment Collection from Public and the Improving of Its Challenges
In the ancient times too the municipal solid waste services were funded through flat rate billing, by surcharging on the local property tax that enforce beneficiaries to pay the same cost regardless of the quantity of solid waste generated and cost of disposal. The purpose of the municipal solid waste tariff strategy is to provide a framework and guidance for municipalities in setting solid waste tariffs that align with the intentions of the National Waste Management Strategy.
The increased cost of landfilling, the dwindling landfill capacity the financial difficulties facing the municipalities, and the increasing environmental concern on the nation's solid waste practices have increased interest in making disposers responsible for the amount of waste they dispose. Following EPA's strategy for integrated waste management, a hierarchy or a list of preference for waste management includes waste reduction, waste reuse, recycling, composting, and at the lower end of the spectrum, incineration and disposal, a variable or volume-based rates has seen as an effective way to increase waste reduction, reuse and recycling, and decrease reliance on dwindling landfill capacity. The incremental cost approach argues that users should be exposed to this rising marginal cost of disposal, as this will ensure that the proper economic signals are sent to consumers to reduce waste.
This variable cost pricing cleansing management service fee system, were based on the volume of solid waste disposal. Therefore; household’s solid waste disposal costs change with the number of bags of waste disposed since each bag has a fee. As a result, the less trash set out for disposal, the lower the cost to the resident. Experience from many jurisdictions shows that weight-based waste collection charges result in significant reductions in consumer waste; and develop the customer the sense of direct control over how much they are charged. But there are some indications that the implementation of pay by the bag system contributes to an increase in back yard burning and roadside dampings.
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Journal of Advances in Recycling & Waste Management